Cell reference refers to a unique address. This allows you to reference this cell elsewhere in excel. Cross-referencing is done in the same worksheet, in different worksheets in the same file, and across different workbooks entirely. A cell is named using a column that uses letters and a row that entails numbers. Cells in different spreadsheets in an Excel workbook will have identical cell references if they occupy the same position in different sheets.
How to cross-reference data between spreadsheets
To cross-reference between spreadsheets, you must identify cells using extended addresses. The extended references identify the cell's sheet, as well as its column and row, follow the steps below.
1. Identify the row you want to reference. For our example, our row is number 2
2. Identify the column that you want to cross-reference and this forms a cell. For our example the column is D.
4. Combine these characters to form a cell address that you want to cross-reference. Example above D2
5. Identify the name of the sheet that you have on your cell. If not named excel gives it a random name as sheet1
6. Combine the cell's address to its sheet's name, separated by an exclamation mark. Example=sheet1!d2 ( is referenced in sheet3.)
7. Use the extended reference to identify the cell in the formula. Start with an equal sign when writing the formulae.
How to reference from another Excel workbook file
When you link a cell in Excel to another worksheet, the cell that contains the link shows the same info as the cell from the other worksheet that you want to reference. The important thing is to ensure the formula is correct to avoid errors. Follow the below steps to reference another workbook file.
1. Ensure you have both the excel workbooks opened.
2. Type an equal sign (=), switch to the other file, and then click the cell in that file you want to reference and press enter.
3. Identify the workbook name, sheet name, and cell number. In this example, our previous workbook name is a financial sample, the sheet name is sheet1 and the cell is F2.
4. Write them as follows in the formula bar of the workbook you want to refer to. =[FinancialSample.xlsx]Sheet1!D2
5. If the file or sheet name contains spaces, then you will need to enclose the file reference in single quotation marks.= '[Financial Sample.xlsx]Sheet1'!D2
6. When you click enter after the formulae, the results will pop out. Paths to where the document is might come and there is no problem about that.
Referencing both from the same workbook and different workbooks helps in the easy management of data. It is also easier to work from a different worksheet or workbook without altering the initial data. The most essential thing is to ensure the formula is correct and the referencing will be automatically correct.